For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home. [b][41] In the meantime he had taken a job with wealthy Clydeside industrialist William Beardmore (later Lord Invernairn), with a roving commission which involved interviewing prospective clients and entertaining Beardmore's business friends. [6] The young Shackleton did not particularly distinguish himself as a scholar, and was said to be "bored" by his studies. A few moments later, at 2:50 a.m. on 5 January 1922, Shackleton suffered a fatal heart attack. Ernest Shackleton, Self: South. [142], In 2001 Margaret Morrell and Stephanie Capparell presented Shackleton as a model for corporate leadership in their book Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer. Later in the 20th century, Shackleton was "rediscovered". Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton, and his family moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. [148] In 2002, Channel 4 produced Shackleton, a TV serial depicting the 1914 expedition with Kenneth Branagh in the title role. [10] The options available were a Royal Navy cadetship at Britannia, which Shackleton could not afford; the mercantile marine cadet ships Worcester and Conway; or an apprenticeship "before the mast" on a sailing vessel. [147], In 1993 Trevor Potts re-enacted the Boat Journey from Elephant Island to South Georgia in honour of Sir Ernest Shackleton, totally unsupported, in a replica of the James Caird. [88], Until this point, Shackleton had hoped that the ship, when released from the ice, could work her way back towards Vahsel Bay. Despite telling Macklin not to bother, Shackleton didn’t put up too much of a fuss. Place Of Birth: Kilkee, Ireland. [9] The aim was the conquest of both the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. [67] Fridtjof Nansen sent an effusive private letter to Emily Shackleton, praising the "unique expedition which has been such a complete success in every respect". Shackleton's fourth expedition aimed to circumnavigate the Antarctic continent but on 5 January 1922, Shackleton died of a heart attack off South Georgia. From the pier we carried him to the little hospital and placed him in the room in which we had lived together seven years before. "; and men, provisions and equipment were transferred to camps on the ice. Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been in Kerry since the Norman times in the 13th century. [47], To conserve coal, the ship was towed 1,650 miles (2,655 km) by the steamer Koonya to the Antarctic ice, after Shackleton had persuaded the New Zealand government and the Union Steamship Company to share the cost. His parents also survive. Death and burial site. [143] Other management writers soon followed this lead, using Shackleton as an exemplar for bringing order from chaos. Dr Alexander Macklin was on the anchor watch from 2-4am that night. Longstaff, impressed by Shackleton's keenness, recommended him to Sir Clements Markham, the expedition's overlord, making it clear that he wanted Shackleton accepted. Today is the 99th anniversary of the death of famed explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton, who died in South Georgia on 5 January 1922 on his fourth expedition to the Antarctic. [90], For almost two months, Shackleton and his party camped on a large, flat floe, hoping that it would drift towards Paulet Island, approximately 250 miles (402 km) away, where it was known that stores were cached. After 17 days, Shackleton and his men reached South … The march was, Scott wrote later, "a combination of success and failure". [81] He ultimately selected a crew of 56, twenty-eight on each ship. When you ask people to name … Co Kildare man Ernest Shackleton died having become one of Ireland's best-known explorers of the Polar Regions. [158], In 2016 a statue of Shackleton by Mark Richards was erected in Athy, sponsored by Kildare County Council. When all the necessary arrangements had been made, the coffin was brought ashore. Sir Ernest Shackleton visited South Georgia several times during his Antarctic expeditions, and indeed it was on this island that he made one of the most memorable treks in polar history. This book, as well as being a tribute to the explorer, was a practical effort to assist his family; Shackleton died some £40,000 in debt (equivalent to £2,200,324 in 2019[132])[135] A further initiative was the establishment of a Shackleton Memorial Fund, which was used to assist the education of his children and the support of his mother. [89] On 21 November 1915, the wreck finally slipped beneath the surface. James Brooks / The Associated Press. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer, best known for leading the Imperial Trans-Antarctic expedition from 1914 to 1917 and the inspiration for eponymously named adventure-wear brand. As Macklin wrote: ‘Nothing could be done, however. Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton, and his family moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. As the ship moved southward navigating in ice, first year ice was encountered, which slowed progress. [112] He returned home in April 1918. [25] Scott chose Shackleton to accompany Wilson and himself on the expedition's southern journey, a march southwards to achieve the highest possible latitude in the direction of the South Pole. [91] After failed attempts to march across the ice to this island, Shackleton decided to set up another more permanent camp (Patience Camp) on another floe, and trust to the drift of the ice to take them towards a safe landing. When spring arrived in September, the breaking of the ice and its later movements put extreme pressures on the ship's hull. Although it is likely that Norwegian whalers had previously crossed at other points on ski, no one had attempted this particular route before. Aboard what would become his aptly-named ship, the Endurance, he and 27 men set sail for the South Pole. Born 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a popular British Antarctic explorer. Led by explorer and environmental scientist Tim Jarvis, the team was assembled at the request of Alexandra Shackleton, Sir Ernest's granddaughter, who felt the trip would honour her grandfather's legacy. The County Kildare man died having become one of Ireland's best-known explorers of the Polar Regions. He had taken aspirin but said that it was ‘no good’ and asked Macklin: ‘will you get me something which will act?’ Macklin attended to Shackleton’s need for some further blankets. Ernest Shackleton died on January 5th, 1922 at the age of 47 in Grytviken (abandoned whaling station; settlement on the island of South Georgia). [95] This was the first time they had stood on solid ground for 497 days. [14][15] Although officially on leave from Union-Castle, this was in fact the end of Shackleton's Merchant Navy service. The attitudes of his men were a point of emphasis in leading his men back to safety. Hussey returned to South Georgia with the body on the steamer Woodville, and on 5 March 1922, Shackleton was buried in the Grytviken cemetery, South Georgia, after a short service in the Lutheran church,[128] with Edward Binnie officiating. On 27 November 2011, the ashes of Frank Wild were interred on the right-hand side of Shackleton's gravesite in Grytviken. Frank Worsley was captain again, Frank Wild was Shackleton’s deputy, and Alexander Macklin was one of three doctors. [110][111] In October 1917, he was sent to Buenos Aires to boost British propaganda in South America. Shackleton's mother, Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan, was descended from the Fitzmaurice family. Macklin himself reported that Shackleton greeting him thus: Hullo, Mack, boy, is that you? Ernest Henry Shackleton British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09) My South Polar Expedition. Partly this was in search of better professional prospects for the newly qualified doctor, but another factor may have been unease about their Anglo-Irish ancestry, following the assassination by Irish nationalists of Lord Frederick Cavendish, the British Secretary for Ireland, in 1882. [19] Shackleton's particular duties were listed as: "In charge of seawater analysis. In January 2013, a joint British-Australian team set out to duplicate Shackleton's 1916 trip across the Southern Ocean. [74], Shackleton published details of his new expedition, grandly titled the "Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition", early in 1914. After a period of rest and recuperation, rather than risk putting to sea again to reach the whaling stations on the northern coast, Shackleton decided to attempt a land crossing of the island. He was born near Dublin, Ireland in 1874. shackletonexhibition.com Shackleton's Death, 5 January, 1922 - Endurance Exhibition Sir Ernest Shackleton visited old friends at the whaling station and organised preparations for the expedition. All his life had been a rattling rush of swift succeeding action, like a chain cable racing through the hawse-pipe into an unfathomed sea, causing the world to vibrate as it ran out its full length of forty-seven shackles when the last link slipped over, and there was silence. It is hard to imagine Shackleton’s response was in anything other than a light-hearted jest: ‘You are always wanting me to give up something. [145] In Boston, a "Shackleton School" was set up on "Outward Bound" principles, with the motto "The Journey is Everything". 2d. and I said 'Yes darling, as far as I am concerned'". Abraham Shackleton, an English Quaker, moved to Ireland in 1726 and started a school at Ballitore, County Kildare. Shackleton's original plans had envisaged using the old Discovery base in McMurdo Sound to launch his attempts on the South Pole and South Magnetic Pole. [101] The James Caird was launched on 24 April 1916; during the next fifteen days, it sailed through the waters of the southern ocean, at the mercy of the stormy seas, in constant peril of capsizing. Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII after his 2nd expedition to Antarctica when he set a new Farthest South latitude record at 88°S and climbed Antarctica’s most active volcano: Mount Erebus. [11] Two years later, he had obtained his first mate's ticket, and in 1898, he was certified as a master mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world. 77510). (, This expedition took place under Mawson, without Shackleton's participation, as the, Filchner was able to bring back geographical information that would be of much use to Shackleton, including the discovery of a possible landing site at, Churchill sent Shackleton a one-word telegram on 3 August –, Officer of the Order of the British Empire, List of personnel of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, Sir Ernest Shackleton: Funeral Ceremony In South Georgia: Many Wreaths On Coffin, Shackleton's Last Voyage: the Story of the Quest, "Polar explorer Ernest Shackleton may have had hole in his heart, doctors say", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Shackleton, Sir Ernest Henry of 14 Milnethorpe-road, Eastbourne, knight", "Reliving Shackleton's Epic Endurance Expedition", "Ernest Shackleton Honoured with Birthday Google Doodle", "Team sets out to recreate Shackleton's epic journey", "Sir Ernest Shackleton medals raise £585,000 at auction", "Elation for Adelaide adventurer Tim Jarvis as epic Antarctic trek ends", "Polar Explorer vs. [4] Ernest was the second of their ten children and the first of two sons; the second, Frank, achieved notoriety as a suspect, later exonerated, in the 1907 theft of the Irish Crown Jewels. Although he was overshadowed by the achievements of his colleagues after his [124] The expedition left England on 24 September 1921. £350,000), not through an outright gift. [21] He also participated, with the scientists Edward Adrian Wilson and Hartley Ferrar, in the first sledging trip from the expedition's winter quarters in McMurdo Sound, a journey which established a safe route on to the Great Ice Barrier. He was one of the principal figures of the "Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration". About Ernest Shackleton Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a British Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. [35] As the first significant person to return from the Antarctic, he found that he was in demand; in particular, the Admiralty wished to consult him about its further proposals for the rescue of Discovery. After landing, Shackleton took part in an experimental balloon flight on 4 February. I noted the time—it was about 2.50 a.m.’. He became a farmer instead, settling in Kilkea. The Shackletons were originally from Yorkshire, but Shackleton was born in County Kildare, Ireland. Robert Hugh Mill wrote of Shackleton’s death: A fine, a characteristic end, without warning, without regret. [121][122], The plan changed; the destination became the Antarctic, and the project was defined by Shackleton as an "oceanographic and sub-antarctic expedition". He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. When Ernest Shackleton arrived back in England on 12 June 1903, he found that Scott’s 1901–04 expedition, from which had been virtually sacked, was a controversial subject. The "Great Southern Journey",[52] as Frank Wild called it, began on 29 October 1908. Although some of his former crew members had not received all their pay from the Endurance expedition, many of them signed on with their former "Boss". Despite his efforts, it required government action, in the form of a grant of £20,000 (2008: £1.5 million) to clear the most pressing obligations. Shackleton delayed his own departure until 27 September, meeting the ship in Buenos Aires.[83]. A friend, John Rowett, put up the money, and a dilapidated Norwegian sealer was renamed Quest, at Emily Shackleton’s suggestion. [94], After five harrowing days at sea, the exhausted men landed their three lifeboats at Elephant Island, 346 miles (557 km) from where the Endurance sank. After a medical examination (which proved inconclusive),[32] Scott decided to send Shackleton home on the relief ship Morning, which had arrived in McMurdo Sound in January 1903. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, dies of a heart attack in Grytviken, South Georgia on January 5, 1922. Appointment to a military expedition to Murmansk obliged him to return home again, before departing for northern Russia. [13] On 17 February 1901, his appointment as third officer to the expedition's ship Discovery was confirmed; on 4 June he was commissioned into the Royal Navy, with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve. This group, despite many hardships, had carried out its depot-laying mission to the full, but three lives had been lost, including that of its commander, Aeneas Mackintosh.[108]. When Shackleton returned to England in May 1917, Europe was in the midst of the First World War. [98] Shackleton had clashed with McNish during the time when the party was stranded on the ice, but, while he did not forgive the carpenter's earlier insubordination, Shackleton recognised his value for this particular job. Reality TV Crew: Tim Jarvis in the Footsteps of Shackleton", "Shackleton adventurers complete epic re-enactment voyage", "Adventurer Tim Jarvis survives to tell of his recreation of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic journey", "Chasing Shackleton: Chasing Shackleton re-aired August 12, 2014", "Statue of Polar explorer Ernest Shackleton unveiled in Athy", "The unveiling of Shackleton statue at Athy, Co. Kildare – Endurance Exhibition", "Ernest Shackleton Loves Me Off Broadway", "Review: A Zany Version of the Romance 'Ernest Shackleton Loves Me' in New Brunswick", https://nzheraldry.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/sir-ernest-shackleton/, "Explorers' century-old whisky found in Antarctic", "Forgotten hero Frank Wild of Antarctic exploration finally laid to rest, beside his 'boss' Sir Ernest Shackleton", "Shackleton's biscuit fetches tasty price", "Historical figures: Ernest Shackleton (1874–1922)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernest_Shackleton&oldid=994233706, British Army personnel of the Russian Civil War, Collections of the Scott Polar Research Institute, Fellows of the Royal Geographical Society, Fellows of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, Liberal Unionist Party parliamentary candidates, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, Recipients of the Cullum Geographical Medal, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Biodiversity Heritage Library links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Semantic Scholar author identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO, 1909; MVO 4th Class: 1907), Officer of the Order of the British Empire, Military Division (OBE, 1918), Polar Medal (1904; with clasp for Nimrod Expedition: 1909), Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society of Antwerp (1909), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 18:49. No one knew that Ernest Shackleton and his crew were trapped on Elephant Island. His people-centred approach to leadership can be a guide to anyone in a position of authority". The death of Sir Ernest H. Shackleton Sir Ernest H. Shackleton On 4 January, 1922, the ‘Quest’ reached South Georgia and cast anchor off the Grytviken whaling station. He is known for coming closest to the location of the South Pole. On this episode of the Sofa King Podcast, we talk about the life, adventures, and death of one of the UK’s greatest explorers, Ernest Shackleton. [62][63] He was honoured by the Royal Geographical Society, who awarded him a Gold Medal; a proposal that the medal be smaller than that earlier awarded to Captain Scott was not acted on. [36] With Sir Clements Markham's blessing, he accepted a temporary post assisting the outfitting of the Terra Nova for the second Discovery relief operation, but turned down the offer to sail with her as chief officer. Ernest Shackleton Ernest Shackleton Short Biography. The party was in high spirits, despite the difficult conditions; Shackleton's ability to communicate with each man kept the party happy and focused.[51]. Ward-room caterer. The Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition (1921-1922) commonly known as the Quest expedition may have faded into the lesser pages of polar history if it had not had a defining moment – the sudden death of Shackleton on the 5th January 1922. Frank Wild then engaged in the necessary tasks brought up by the death of the Boss. Life stopped in the course of a new onward movement. Starving to death. [42] Shackleton by this time was making no secret of his ambition to return to Antarctica at the head of his own expedition. All the time the rain soaked heavily down. 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