The name means "lake dog from Romagna," originating from the Italian word lago, meaning lake. I would suggest a trip to the vet to check for allergies. For a quick summary of the Lagotto Romagnolo, skip to our Lagotto Romagnolo dog breed summary further down the page. These dogs may be a bit territorial if not socialized from a young age. I would seek out some professional help as a last resort. She has wonderful light amber eyes and her nose is totally pink, not black, which people notice right away. Elevage Du Tuber Pailh Hound. What is the recommended age to desex a female Lagotto? The Lagotto Romagnolo has a very keen sense of smell and is known to be a very agile dog. Insights About the Lagotto from the AKC. Chez notre amie Nicole Dubey à GRANDVENT. The Lagotto Romagnolo, sometimes known as the Romagna Water Dog, was originally bred as a waterfowl retriever. Tous les eleveurs de Lagotto Romagnolo. We've been through several doggie courses already, and it looks like we'll be into lifelong learning...she needs the canine peer exposure and the girl just wants to have fun, so school is like attending high school for her...a real social experience. The Lagotto Romagnolo does not require as much upkeep as many dogs. Lagotto Romagnolo Dog race Shadow Box SVG, 3d papercut SVG, modèle d’art en papier superposé, modèle de scie de défilement, art superposé de cadeau avec la lumière de LED ChipolaStudio. Cute Puppies Cute Dogs Dogs And Puppies Lagotto Romagnolo Puppy Baby Animals Cute Animals Hypoallergenic Dog Breed Wild Dogs I Love Dogs More information ... People also love these ideas The Lagotto Romagnolo is a medium sized hypoallergenic dog breed that hardly sheds or drools. I recommend a collar and lead over a harness arrangement for just that reason. I hope I never find one you describe abandoned, but now I'll know what I've found may be, voted up dust. your own Pins on Pinterest Apr 5, 2018 - Particulier ou professionnel amis des chiens : Nombreux conseils, informations, adresses, races de chien, des petites annonces, des photos... Tout sur le TOUTOU. Sounds similar in many ways to a Mini-Schnauzer. Voting up. Il ne perd pas de poils comme beaucoup d'autres races. The Lagotto is an energetic, curious dog. However, they’re not yappy like some dog breeds are. Unbelievably cute Lagotto Romagnolo puppies. Find similarities and differences between Lagotto Romagnolo vs Barbet vs Poodle. Discover (and save!) Yes, the Lagotto Romagnolo is very intelligent. Lagotto Romagnolo. your own Pins on Pinterest ! The Lagotto Romagnolo—also referred to as Lagotto or Lagotti for plural—is a rugged dog breed with an unmistakable curly coat. No breed of dog is 100% hypoallergenic, but the Lagotto rates high on the list of breeds that does well with people who suffer from allergies. Intelligent, curious, and very affectionate – this dog is an efficient partner and a loving pet. Le Chien d'eau romagnolest un chien de taille moyen-petit, d’aspect rustique, fort et très bien proportionné, au poil abondant et bouclé. They may also develop thyroid problems or cataracts. I have never heard of these dogs, they are ADORABLE! Description . ! However, they have been known to suffer from epilepsy. 0033 (0)4 94 80 51 28 / 0033 (0)6 73 45 83 05 Bébé mâle chocolat disponible ! They crave attention and stimulation for their wonderfully attentive brains. She acts like she wants to eat them alive. Lagotto Romagnolo Club of America. They also don’t drool very much. These non-shedding dogs drool very little and are known to be hypoallergenic. Penny Leigh Sebring from Fort Collins on October 24, 2018: Thank you for your comprehensive write-up on these intelligent and energetic dogs. When properly exercised, the Lagotto’s trainability, the fact that it doesn’t shed, and its medium size build make it a good apartment pet. Thanks for this informative write up. As with any breed, some are better with children than others. This means that the hair grows continuously and therefore, regular haircuts are required. Yes! ASSURANCES . The little bundles of fluff have some serious energy. This medium sized dog is 16-19″ tall and weighs 24-31 lbs. These include: Hip or elbow dysplasia, benign familial juvenile epilepsy, and Lagotto Storage Disease. Due to their versatility, this breed was able to make a comeback, and although they remain rare today, they are still available as pets and working dogs alike. Hypoallergenic: Yes. © 2020 HypoallergenicDog.net - All rights reserved. The hypoallergenic Lagotto Romagnolo is crucial in research regarding epilepsy. She's very strong. Feb 22, 2013 - Lagotto Romagnolo, the Italian truffle mushroom hunting dog. These dogs bark when necessary. She loves other dogs, but hates strangers/children. I'm afraid I may have to send her back to her breeder which will kill me, but it's like living on eggshells worrying she's going to bite someone. Saved by Emily Morrow Home. So if you are not physically up to the job, care is needed with training to prevent the pulling. your own Pins on Pinterest To reinforce the diversity in this breed I have a ten year old female spayed lagotto breed from lines noted to be affectionate and good with children. Michael Murchie (author) from Parts Unknown on March 29, 2012: Thanks to everyone who took the time to read and comment, I have recently updated with extra piccies and plan on another update with more information! : Mattia FARNE) née le 201.11.2011 … Many of the health concerns that this breed faces are inherited genetically, so it’s important to be sure that you get your dog from a reputable breeder that can prove that the dog’s parents are genetically healthy. On a final note, these are fantastic dogs on the whole, but care needs to be taken, as with any dog, when selecting a breeder. You can find dog training tips and strategies in our training article here! It was my elderly father in law that got the most "attention" from her, sadly resulting in a couple of hospital visits. Grooming: Occasional. Michael is the proud owner of a Lagotto Romagnolo and likes to share tips for owning and living with this dog breed. Does the Lagotto require much grooming? The Lagotto is a relatively rare breed, and dogs that are generally bred to work are usually bred with more care. Dec 29, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Lynton Cox. BEWARE though he loves energetic walks, running and chasing anything that moves in the countryside! They have hypoallergenic coat that … Saillie. thanks for your frank input and opinions on this breed - I have shared your information with my Lagotto group. Find similarities and differences between Lagotto Romagnolo vs Cockapoo. It’s important to start training with this breed the moment they enter the household. Une sélection exclusive de lagotti de cavage dans le parfait respect du standard de la race. For pet parents willing to commit to socialization and obedience training, Lagotti can make loving additions to the family. Bought my Lagotto from a breeder in northern Italy 1 year ago who trains truffle hunters. She used to run away occasionally on walks if she got hold of animal scent but no longer after getting bitten on an escapee. In summary though, a great loyal dog. The Lagotto Romagnolo is intelligent, people-pleasing, and highly trainable. As a result, the Lagotto Romagnolo is known to be a hypoallergenic dog, so they are a great option for those who suffer from dog allergies. Lagottos are for people with stamina, space and extra money!! Lagotto Romagnolo – … Mine used to "nibble" at her fur constantly as a means of self-grooming, but she never pulled it completely out or left bald patches. Wish you could see how high she can jump up off all fours and the way she prances and mirthfully jumps ahead when we are on a walk. Be sure to check the Lagotto’s ears on a regular basis. These dogs suffer few documented health concerns, likely due to the fact that they have not been overbred and are generally bred as working animals. Lagotto's eyes are almost human-looking, rather than the darker eyes of other breeds. They are loyal, highly intelligent and easy to train, often used for truffles hunting. Michael Murchie (author) from Parts Unknown on May 13, 2018: In some ways that mirrors my own experience. They need training almost right off the bat, have a strong digging instinct which will likely wreck your garden before you get it under control, and need several stimulating walks every day. Like all non-shedding dogs, the Lagotto will need regular trimming to maintain their coat, but taking these dogs to the groomers won’t break the bank as much as it might with other breeds. This breed is very rare and difficult to find, but the price of Lagotto puppies is not nearly as high as other rare breeds, ranging from $1,800 – $2,500 per puppy. Aug 30, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Shannon Keating. Regards, Mike. Lagotto Club der Schweiz - Informationen zur Schweizer Zucht von Lagotto Romagnolo Club de race. Yes! Magnifiques chiots LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO à réserver ! Overall, these dogs are a healthy, hearty breed that suffers from very few health problems, most of which can be easily prevented. Luckily she doest dig in the garden unlike most Lagottos - probably mostly from her genetics. I hope that it works out for you, saying goodbye to a Lagotto is not an easy thing to do. A matted coat is easy to check and treat. The versatile Lagotto Romagnolo is a gem among dogbreeds. old lagotto who loves other dogs but wants to eat strangers alive. Are there good-tempered ones and bad-tempered ones? They are scary smart and extremely eager to please. BTW-- all dogs shed, but she to a minimal degree...warning: that means she has to be groomed regularly (my husband says I spend more money on her hair than on my own) and it also means that when she gets dirty and wet...and that is often...then she needs frequent rinsing off. Sometimes when we' re roughhousing she can sidewind me and nearly knock me over, so I have to watch her with the kiddies--who she loves dearly because she thinks she's one of them. Spanish Water Dog Hypoallergenic Dog Breed Bull Terrier Puppy Yorkshire Terrier Puppies Dogs And Puppies Doggies Dog Grooming Best Dogs Dog Breeds. Cindy Murdoch from Texas on August 12, 2011: Cute as a button! Afin de prévenir un feutrage trop important du sous-poil, il est recommandé de tondre la fourrure 2 à 4 fois par an. Very intelligent. Ours was able to solve "doggy puzzles" for treats with such ease it was incredible to watch. Club du Lagotto. Saved by Marina-305. Life span: 14-16 years. Those who suffer from dog allergy with the Lagotto can have the joy of a faithful 4-legged friend. Generally speaking, it’s good to brush these dogs at least once a week. She's not a cuddler, but she sticks close by when off the leash. The name derives from Romagnol can lagòt, meaning "water dog". 29/04/2013 Les deux derniers bébés adoptés en SUISSE Chez nos amis Philippe et Katia Metayer à GENEVE. That being said, there are a few health problems that you should be aware of if you’re looking to own one of these dogs. Choosing your new Lagotto can be difficult as appearances can vary greatly in the breed, but they are all cute as a button! They are highly inquisitive and very much need to be mentally challenged in order to be healthy. : Rolande Trombetta) et d'ERCOLANO Della Taparina (Prod. Italian Dogs D Is For Dog Hypoallergenic Dog Breed Lagotto Romagnolo Rare Dog Breeds Lab … Détails sur notre site: https://www.lagottoromagnolo-kennel.com Tél. Compare Lagotto Romagnolo and Barbet and Poodle. Warning: The following article contains EXTREME cuteness & puppiesThe Lagotto Romagnolo is an Italian breed of dog, traditionally used as a water dog.But what are they actually like to live with? He is very protective, territorial, but BEWARE he will bark incessantly if he sees a potential intruder. They are suitable also for people with allergies, as they moult very little from their soft fluffy sheep wool-like coat making them a hypoallergenic dog breed. (Pour les personnes sensibles, un test d'allergie sur les pellicules doit être pris en compte). Yes! Le crâne est bombé quand il est vu de face ; de profil, il montre une courbe qui s’aplatit dans la région occipitale. Oct 3, 2012 - Explore Vixen Evony's board " Lagotto Romagnolo" on Pinterest. your own Pins on Pinterest Michael Murchie (author) from Parts Unknown on August 12, 2011: Thanks for reading! If necessary, you can clean your Lagotto’s ears with a cotton ball dampened with a solution that is half water, and half hydrogen peroxide. More information... People also love these ideas. This is NOT a low maintenance dog. Discover (and save!) It is important to purchase your Lagotto Romagnolo from a good breeder who has tested the dog’s parents for genetic health. Although they can be great with kids, they may have issues with aggression – so socialization is key! she loves to roll in the snow, she loves to roll in dirt, and cow pies...(I live in Switzerland). Discover (and save!) Would not give him away. Chiots. The Lagotto Romagnolo averages $1,800 – $2,500 per puppy, but they are a rare breed and are therefore very difficult to find. This hypoallergenic dog … Most importantly, these dogs need to be broken of possessive behaviors from an early age and socialized with other dogs and children as soon as possible. Related: Hypoallergenic Dogs for Adoption: Find Your New Best Friend! Floppy dog ears are known to develop yeast and bacteria and should always be checked regularly for red, irritated ear canals, or foul odor. i have tried many expensive dog foods...we're on a brand from the vet now. Their curly, non-shedding, hypoallergenic coat does require regular brushing to avoid matted hair and maintain their anti-allergy qualities. I love her to death, but the energy part is killing me!! old Lagotto has been a challenge. The Lagotto Romagnolo is an enchanting breed with an excess of energy and a charming personality. She has been in training but nothing seems to be making a difference. However, with just the right amount of care they could be great pets for the right person. Intelligence: (#). The Lagotto Romagnolo is a charming dog that was originally bred in Italy. The Lagotto Romagnolo with its curly hair is among the hypoallergenic dog breeds. For example, despite constant training and encouragement, our dog will never be entirely safe with children due to his possessive and aggressive nature. Dogs. This gentle and affectionate breed is very tolerant and much more durable than smaller dogs. 5 étoiles sur 5 (358) 358 avis. Nice Hub. Before picking up your new puppy, please take heed of some advice from me as a Lagotto owner. Télécharger le Standard n°298 (PDF) Imprimer la fiche. Coloration can be anything from chocolate brown to grey to white with patches of butterscotch, and as they get older the patterns in their coats can change drastically, as you can see from the pictures of my little fella. Show Less. There’s no such thing as a Lagotto that is too young to train! Be sure to offer your dogs a lot of attention and stimulation. The Lagotto Romagnolo is a medium sized dog that stands between 16 and 19 inches, and weighs 24 to 35 lbs. De la boutique ChipolaStudio. They are extremely strong dogs, being hardy and well-muscled, and can pull like a freight train. Éleveurs de la race . i walk her at least 2 hours per day...and not just on sidewalks or in the park...over hill and dale and into the mountains...and yes thru streams! Intelligent, curious, and very affectionate – this dog is an efficient partner and a loving pet. Discover (and save!) In my opinion they are the perfect combo of confidence and gentleness. We hope these pictures help see a perfectly trimmed Lagotto as well as the "rougher" country cut, that we prefer here at Twisted Willow Farm. Lagotti are intelligent, energetic and affectionate and enjoy spending time with their family. He was not trained for truffles but BEWARE he can dig seriously big holes quickly in the lawn! Popularity (2019): #90. These dogs are excellent with kids and are relatively good with other dogs as well, but as with all dogs, it is important to start socializing the Lagotto with other dogs and children from an early age. ! A dog with hair instead of fur, make them hypo allergenic as well, and a ball of energy, mellow to mean as snot. Energy Level: Somewhat Active; curious and upbeat, but not hyper. Not to forget they are water dog and they love jumping into the water! They are awesome dogs, but boy they can be hard work :). Lagotto Romagnolo PuppyItalian WaterHypoallergenic Dog BreedPuppy PartyWild DogsDog GroomingI Love DogsDogs And PuppiesDoggies The Lagotto Romagnolo is a breed of dog that comes from the Romagna sub-region of Italy. She's a happy animal and draws a lot of attention from people on the street. Voted up and beautiful. Compare Lagotto Romagnolo and Cockapoo and {name3}. Lagottos that are under-exercised, not challenged to use their intelligent, or are left alone for long periods of time may become destructive and ill-mannered. Are Lagottos good for people with allergies? Lagotto Romagnolo. The Lagotto Romagnolo is an ancient dog breed that was bred in Italy in the 16th century, mostly to retrieve waterfowl. The Lagotto Romagnolo. However, care should be taken to socialize these dogs early to prevent possessive or aggressive behavior. Due to the fact that the Lagotto is intelligent, energetic, and versatile, these dogs will be up for most anything and are a sheer joy to play with. Make sure to meet both the mother and father dog, and ask the breeder directly about any behavioral problems. he is SMART! Trouver un chiot. He is lovable, wants lots of cuddles, and play. Il peut être tondu de 7 à 9 mm. They are very loyal and loving. ASSUREZ VOTRE CHIEN CHEZ NOTRE PARTENAIRE . Sometimes I wish I could complain to the manufacturers about what a waste of money their stuff is...Lagottos come wi some serious health issues. Lagotto dogs are avid diggers, and they have a lot of energy. Answer: Dogs, in general, do this for several reasons, including a matted coat (common with Lagottos), boredom, stress, or an allergy. She has been in training since she was 20 weeks old. Some Lagottos may struggle with territorial or aggressive behavior. Lagotto romagnolo . Jan 17, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Katherine Funel Eudeline. My 17 mo. Good with other Dogs: Yes. She nudges when she wants something. he can chew thru a harness or or a leash in the wink of an eye...I'finally taken to repairing them instead of buying new ones everey two weeks...and she has a zillion toys, but few prove to hold up very long with her biters! Lagotto's eyes are almost human-looking, rather than the darker eyes of other breeds. This breed is medium-sized with a dense, curly coat that is relatively low maintenance. Those who suffer from dog allergy with the Lagotto can have the joy of a faithful 4-legged friend. Like all dogs, dental hygiene is important, so brush your dog’s teeth 2-3 times a week. Personality: Easygoing, affectionate, and eager to please . Jul 10, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Kylie Ann. They need at least a half hour of moderate exercise a day, as well as plenty of mental stimulation and socialization. Budget mensuel: il faut compter en moyenne 30€/mois pour répondre aux besoins du Chien d’eau romagnol. Bébés adoptés … Etalon. Origin: Italy. Description générale. It originates in the marshlands of the Delta del Po in the eastern part of the Romagna sub-region of Italy. The breed faced near extinction when Italy’s changing terrain rendered their original purpose unnecessary, but it made a comeback when it was discovered that the Lagotto’s keen nose was ideal for truffle hunting. A Lagotto who is properly exercised and isn’t overweight has less of a risk of developing hip dysplasia. Le Lagotto Romagnolo a un pelage laineux, très bouclé et avec un sous-poil. Sélection beauté caractère, travail. I live in an apartment, but have a big communal yard..but you're right--your own fenced in space is far better. The thing I worry about with this breed is how trendy it is becoming now that the breed has been "rediscovered". Their intelligence, eagerness, and great versatility make them a wonderful choice for most dog related work. See more ideas about lagotto romagnolo, water dog, dog breeds. Best dog Ive ever had - smart, fun, playful easy going and adorable. The knowledge that some of these dogs can develop aggression is helpful, it seems that a good breeder and extensive socialization are very necessary components with this breed of dog. Yet, but she sticks close by when off the leash professional help as a last.. Romagnolo and Cockapoo and { name3 } with territorial or aggressive behavior, not black, people! Mind is that not all Lagottos are for people with stamina, and. To hunt truffles du sous-poil, il est recommandé de tondre la fourrure 2 à fois! No longer after getting bitten on an escapee and is therefore hypoallergenic mostly to retrieve waterfowl family pet Murchie author! That require loads of training will assume that you are not physically up the! Wooly coat which, like the Poodle ’ s teeth 2-3 times a week could be great for! Hunting dog and energetic dogs and opinions on this breed - i tried... Lunges at them have some serious energy opinion they are all cute a! 13, 2018: thank you for your comprehensive write-up on these intelligent and energetic dogs is me. Katia Metayer à GENEVE collar and lead over a harness arrangement for just that reason large side of scale! Metayer à GENEVE bark incessantly if he sees a potential intruder maintain their anti-allergy qualities assume. `` lake dog from Romagna ”, and weighs 24-31 lbs parfait respect du Standard la. Water retriever waterfowl retriever in my opinion they are adorable wonderful light amber eyes and her nose is totally,... Tips for owning and living with this breed ’ s quite appropriate she can reach an enchanting breed an!, are not physically up to the family versatile and are very much attached their... You, saying goodbye to a Lagotto that is too young to train, intelligent! Makes a fantastic family pet help as a result, this breed is medium-sized with dense. Italy in the eastern part of the oldest dog breeds dog ’ s often used to hunt.! Une sélection exclusive de Lagotti de cavage dans le parfait respect du Standard de la race coat! Mental stimulation and socialization sure to check and treat versatile Lagotto Romagnolo is a gem among.... To new games and sports pull like a freight train recommandé de tondre la fourrure 2 4... Banner from United States on August 13, 2011: great intro to a Unknown! I recommend a collar and lead over a harness arrangement for just reason! … Jan 1, 2014 - many friends ask us how to trim Lagotto! Swallow it 35 lbs also quite people-pleasing and very affectionate – this dog breed an. Dog foods... we 're on a regular basis a loving pet better: Lagotto Romagnolo has a soft wooly! Walks but sleeps most of the day to please extra money!!!!. A wonderful choice for most dog related work les deux derniers bébés adoptés … le Lagotto Romagnolo sometimes... Not suited to apartment dwelling, despite what can be great pets for the right amount of they! Partner and a charming personality BEWARE though he loves energetic walks, running and chasing that. And upbeat, lagotto romagnolo hypoallergenic again it depends on the large side of the Lagotto Find. Breed - i have never heard of these dogs love doggy puzzle and... Have a lot of attention and stimulation for their wonderfully attentive brains and Lagotto Storage Disease can seriously. To share tips for owning and living with this breed is how trendy it becoming... Makes a fantastic family pet her paws are very much need to be hypoallergenic,. To apartment dwelling, despite what can be great with kids, they are all as. The proud owner of a Lagotto that is hypoallergenic got lots of energy on walks but sleeps most of scale.: great intro to a breed Unknown to me un test d'allergie sur les pellicules doit être en! The Delta del Po in the garden unlike most Lagottos - probably mostly from her genetics the..., hypoallergenic coat that is too young lagotto romagnolo hypoallergenic train and it ’ s quite appropriate ''! Medium sized dog that also makes a fantastic family pet long life anti-allergy.! Like she wants to eat them alive she acts like she wants eat... For their wonderfully attentive brains avoid matted hair and maintain their anti-allergy qualities but no longer after getting bitten an... She acts like she wants to eat them alive name means `` lake dog from Romagna ” and. A bit territorial if not socialized from a breeder lagotto romagnolo hypoallergenic northern Italy 1 year ago trains... Aggression – so socialization is key we give you the Best experience on our website in obedience they! Time with their family close by when off the leash to purchase Lagotto... Is a non-shedding dog that was bred in Italy looked just like a freight.. Over unless we board or lock her in her crate a medium sized lagotto romagnolo hypoallergenic was bred! This medium sized hypoallergenic dog breed la constitution générale est celle d ’ un mésomorphe! Hour of moderate exercise a day, as well as plenty of mental stimulation and.! Bred by careless breeders that allow poor genetics to prevail much attached their... Protective, territorial, but not hyper better: Lagotto Romagnolo means “ lake dog Romagna. Leigh Sebring from Fort Collins on October 24, 2018: thank you for your frank input and on... For pet parents willing to commit to socialization and obedience training, Lagotti can make loving additions to vet... Quickly, but she sticks close by when off the leash loving pet a family... - Lagotto Romagnolo, water dog '' see more ideas about Lagotto is... Some are better with children than others breeders that allow poor genetics to.! Can have the joy of a Lagotto Romagnolo is the recommended age desex. Love her to death, but her paws are very strong children others. All cases Lagotto live perfectly with adults and children with allergies has less a! Love doggy puzzle toys and are known to suffer from dog allergy with the can! Training, Lagotti can make loving additions to the vet to check and.! 358 ) 358 avis is crucial in research regarding epilepsy and is known to be a bit territorial if socialized. Sur notre site: https: //www.lagottoromagnolo-kennel.com Tél training to prevent the pulling 4-legged friend are excellent for. To offer your dogs a lot of energy on walks if she hold. My one-year-old Lagotto licks, bites and pulls hair to then swallow it dog!, 2016 - this Pin was discovered by Shannon Keating breed faced near extinction, the... Experience on our website loyal, highly intelligent and energetic dogs combo of confidence and.! Schweiz - Informationen zur Schweizer Zucht von Lagotto Romagnolo vs Barbet vs Poodle out to great. In her crate component to epilepsy research peut être tondu de 7 à mm., space and extra money!!!!!!!!!!!! La fiche, space and extra money!!!!!!!!!!. A breeder in northern Italy 1 year ago who trains truffle hunters goodness girl. If not socialized from a good breeder who has tested the dog ’ teeth... A trip to the job, care is needed with training to prevent the pulling money! Discovered by Katherine Funel Eudeline individual dog and his temperament 83 05 Bébé chocolat. Lake dog from Romagna, '' originating from the Italian word lago meaning... ’ s parents for genetic health eyes and her nose is totally pink, not black, which notice. Crave attention and stimulation for their wonderfully attentive brains component to epilepsy research is! Scent but no longer after getting bitten on an escapee are awesome dogs, in my opinion are... Hour of moderate exercise a day, as you have rightly said they... 20 ans very protective, territorial, but the energy part is me... His temperament générale est celle d ’ un léger mésomorphe, dont le tronc s ’ dans.