MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. 32. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. Master today's medical … Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. Sometimes it can feel like medical terminology is a language all of its own. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight. 35. Retro-: Behind or backward. 14 Flu FAQs Answered, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Science (MD/MSC) ›, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH) ›. You’d be wise to start looking. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. 21. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. 42. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. 1. 20. Contusion: A bruise. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. Pseudo-: False or deceptive, usually in regards to appearance. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for MedicineNet.com. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. If so, you’re ahead of the game. Oste/o: Related to bone. 16. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all", of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast), denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder. 18. Encephal/o: Related to the brain. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. 24. There are a few general rules about how they combine. AA - amino acid 2. 1. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. 28. Hypertension: High blood pressure. Some suffixes also … You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. 30. Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. Medical terms can be broken down into basic components, making them easier for a layperson to understand. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. To be successful and accurate medical coders must have a solid understanding of common medical terms for various reasons which include: Reading and understanding medical dictation Proper code look up … BP: Blood pressure. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. 17. 27. 23. 4. C/O - complains of, care of 11. Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. 14. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. Medical terms may also consist of only a prefix and suffix along with a combing vowel for example the common medical condition apnea a = without, pnea = breathing. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. -plasty: Surgical repair. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Medical Coding. 40. 5. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. 39. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … While building a medical vocabulary and combining and working with word parts, it is important to understand the rules for pluralization. Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a bodily fluid. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. 9. Benign: Not cancerous. OR: Operating room where surgeries are performed. 47. 25. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. The first article in the medical terminology series discussed the word root, suffixes, prefixes and combining vowel. denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another, Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion, Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word, of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. 46. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. 48. A medical glossary containing a list of medical terminology and medical terms definitions can be useful in many ways. ADM - admission, admitted 4. 7. The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes&oldid=993765578, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two, Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another, of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix), azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood, Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little', of or pertaining to the head (as a whole), applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone, used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel, instrument used to record data or picture, denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm), of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (, denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component, of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank, denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of. 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